The strong red colour of the ruby represents the passion of love and is considered one of the four most precious stones of the world
The name “Ruby” comes from ruber (Latin for red) and this valuable gemstone is one of the four most precious stones, together with sapphire, emerald, and diamond. It is the birthstone for July, and is given as 15th and 40th anniversary gifts as it represents the passion for love.
Rubies have always been held in high esteem in Asian countries and often used to adorn armour, scabbards and harnesses of noblemen in India and China.
An early recorded mention of rubies appears in the literature on the North Silk Road, wherein about 200 B.C. these precious stones were carried along the ancient road, moving westward from China.
The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, in Washington D.C., displays a richly saturated red Ruby, with an exceptional transparency and a finely proportioned cut, providing vivid, red reflections. The stone was mined in 1930s from the Mogul region of Burma (now Myanmar), an area known for the finest rubies in the world.
Rubies are extremely strong, registering 9 (out of 10) on the Moh’s Scale of Hardness, and as resilient as sapphires.
Almost all rubies have flaws. Rubies without imperfections are exceptionally rare and command prices even higher than diamonds of a similar weight and quality.